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Hello guys, I’m happy to meet you via my blog . So how’s quarantine going ?????
Hope you’re all enjoying 😅😅😅😅lol just kidding😜😜😜 . Introverts may enjoy it but not all can have fun during quarantine. Most of us are bored as hell 😞😞😞🙋♂️🙋♂️🙋♂️.
So today we’re gonna learn about some of the outbreaks from past . I have planned to write this blog as a duology which means this blog will have a sequel 😁😁♥️♥️
PLAGUE OF ATHENS:
* The plague of athens was an epidemic that ruined the city of Athens in ancient Greece during the pelponessian war (430BC) and this plague occurred during the second year of the war .
The plague killed an estimated 75,000 to 100,000 people and is believed to have entered Athens through Piraeus, the city’s port and sole source of food and supplies.Much of the eastern Mediterranean also saw an outbreak of the disease, albeit with less impact
The plague had serious effects on Athens’ society, resulting in a lack of adherence to laws and religious belief; in response laws became stricter, resulting in the punishment of non-citizens claiming to be Athenian. In addition, Pericles, the leader of Athens, died from the plague.The plague returned twice more, in 429 BC and in the winter of 427/426 BC. Some 30 pathogens have been suggested as having caused the plague.
PIC: KING PERICLES
DEATH TOLL:75,000 -100 ,000
LOCATION: GREECE ,EGYPT ,LIBYA,ETHIOPIA
Antonine plague is also known as the plague of Galen. It was an ancient pandemic brought to the Roman Empire by troops who were returning from campaigns in the Near East. Scholars have suspected it to have been either smallpoxor measles.The plague may have claimed the life of a Roman emperor, Lucius Verus, who died in 169 and was the co-regent of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, whose family name, Antoninus, has become associated with the pandemic.
According to the contemporary Roman historian Cassius Dio, the disease broke out again nine years later in 189 AD and caused up to 2,000 deaths a day in Rome, one quarter of those who were affected.The total death count has been estimated at 5 million,and the disease killed as much as one third of the population in some areas and devastated the Roman army.
DEATH TOLL :5 to 10 million
LOCATION: Roman empire
PLAGUE OF CYPRIAN:
* The plague of cyprian was a pandemic that devastated the Roman empire about from AD 249 to 262.
It is named after St. Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, an early Christian writer who witnessed and described the plague.
Historians and researchers are not are not sure about the agent of plague but suspects have included smallpox, pandemic influenza and viral hemorrhagic fever (filoviruses) like the Ebola virus.
DEATH TOLL: 1 million plus
Pic depicting the plague of cyprian
PLAGUE OF JUSTINIAN:
The Plague of Justinian is the first and the best known outbreak of the first plague pandemic, which continued to recur until the middle of the 8th century.
The disease afflicted the entire Mediterranean Basin, Europe, and the Near East, severely affecting the Sasanian Empire and the Roman Empire and especially its capital, Constantinople.
The plague is named after the Roman emperor in constantinople Justinian I (r. 527–565), who was affected and later recovered from the disease according to his court historian procopius .
The contagion arrived in Roman Egypt in 541 and spread around the Mediterranean Sea until 544; in Northern Europe and the Arabian Peninsula it persisted until 549.
The bacterium yersinia pestis was responsible for the pandemic
DEATH TOLL: 25 to 100 million (40 – 50 percentage of population of Europe)
LOCATION: Europe and west asia
THE BLACK PLAGUE:
The Black Death, also known as the Pestilence and the Great Mortality, was the most fatal pandemic recorded in human history, resulting in the deaths of up to 75–200 million people in Eurasia and North Africa,peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Plague, the disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, was the cause; Y. pestis infection most commonly results in bubonic plague, but can cause septicaemic or pneumonic plague.
DEATH TOLL: 75 – 200 million
LOCATION: Europe ,asia and north Africa
A plague doctor was a physician who treated victims of the bubonic plague. In times of epidemics, these physicians were specifically hired by towns where the plague had taken hold. Since the city was paying their salary, they treated everyone both the wealthy and the poor .
Mankind has faced lot of pandemics like these over the years. I would rate these as the deadliest outbreaks of all time .
Hope you guys like it , since this is a duology , I’ll write about the other outbreaks in my next blog which will be the sequel to this and I’ll publish it as soon as possible.
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